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TECHNOLOGY AND TECH TRANSFER

Glass products are related to multibillion national and international markets. The area is dominated by some large global companies, but there are also thousands of small and medium sized glass producers. By taking the flat glass industry as a basis (most of the volume of glass produced in the world), an estimate of the overall production of glass articles is possible. In 2009 it was around 6.6 billion m2. (As a reference, Brazil – the second largest producer of ceramic tiles in the world, produced ~ 800 million m2 of ceramic tiles in 2011, only behind China (5.5 billion m2)). At the level of primary manufacture, such volume of glass represents a value of about € 22 billion. One part of flat glass is further processed by laminating, tempering and coating for use mainly in insulation for buildings or automotive glazing, meanwhile the market for solar panels has grown considerably. At this level, the overall market reaches about € 51 billion. China is the biggest flat glass market in the world. In 2009, Europe, North America & Mexico and China accounted for 70% of world float/sheet glass demand. In the same year, South America consumed only about 4% of the flat glass produced worldwide. But this scenario is rapidly changing, as Brazil becomes a strong international industrial player. Since 2007 several float glass companies have announced new plants in this country, and the installed capacity will soon go from 3 kton/day to almost 8 kton/day, considerably increasing the demand for engineering solutions and qualified human resources in this particular area. Besides windows, classical established glass applications comprise containers, light bulbs, kitchenware, labware, mirrors and lenses for optical devices, fibers for reinforcement and optical communication and ceramic tiles. 

However, oxide glasses and glass-ceramics (GCs) can be found in many other less obvious applications, such as dental materials, bioactive materials for bone substitution and skin healing, interfacial material for abrasive wheels and electronic devices, engineered proppants for stuffing hydro-fractured oil wells, touch screens of high-strength, thin films for sensors and catalysis. The success of these high-tech industries is based on the multitude of opportunities for tailoring the physical properties of glasses to the particular application considered. Therefore the development of glass and glass-ceramic technologies is an enormously active area for R&D. An idea of their scientific and commercial importance of GCs comes from a search on Free-patents Online. About

2,400 granted or filed U.S. patents appear with the keywords "glass-ceramic" in the abstract. There are also about 1,500 European and 2,700 Japanese patents. These are very impressive numbers for a single field within all the numerous materials classes and types. 1 Pilkington and the Flat Glass Industry Report, NSG Group (2010). (The numbers bellow also came from this report.) 2 ANFACER - Brazilian Association of Ceramic Tile Manufacturers (http://www.anfacer.org.br/) 

GOALS AND MISSION

The research insights obtained from the CeRTEV activities will be channeled for generation of new technologies and patents, all the way to new products and production processes (“science to business approach”). As discussed in the research plan, promising new technologies are expected in five main fields of application: 1) strong GCs for armors and dental implants, 2) bioactive materials for bone and tissue restoration, 3) energy storage and conversion systems, 4) photonic devices, and 5) catalysts for converting biomass into fuels and chemicals. In all these fields we will vigorously pursue transferring fundamental and applied research activities to the productive sector.

We aim at the development of new or improved, patentable glass or glass-ceramic materials in each field of application above: 1) light armors (for use in airplanes, cars and individuals) and tougher monolithic glass-ceramics for dental restoration. We will work closely with some companies, such as Vitrovita and EDG; 2) macroporous and hierarchically ordered scaffolds, fibers, small monolithic parts and powders with increased osteoinductive activities, combined with the ability for targeted drug delivery for bone and tissue repair. Our industrial collaboration network in this area also includes Vitrovita; 3) fast-conducting solid electrolytes for lithium ion batteries. Lithium ion cells in which these electrolytes are being implemented will be developed in São Carlos and tested in collaboration with the Münster Electrochemical Energy Technology center in Germany, a joint academic and industrial platform dedicated to the development of high-energy and high-power lithium ion batteries. We also aim at designing new glass-ceramic seals for fuel cell applications. Brazilian giant Petrobras is interested in these materials; 4) solid state lasing materials with enhanced emission characteristics. 5) we intend to use our conceptual understanding and research expertise in ceramic design for developing an entirely novel application of glass-ceramics:

the conversion of biomass into fuel and fine chemicals. The properties and performance of these catalysts will be tested in collaboration with colleagues at the Brazilian Laboratory of  Bioethanol Science and Technology (CTBE) and the Brazilian Laboratory of Synchrotron Light (LNLS). Other industrial collaboration partners will be approached in concert with the research advances made in each area.

STRATEGY AND MEASURES 

The strategy for innovation and technology transfer of our CEPID will be based on and will follow three basic concepts and actions: i) Establishment of cooperation agreements and licensing of on-demand technologies commissioned by industry; the widespread skills of the group will be focused in order to approach industries with the two academic institutions; cooperation programs connecting universities, companies and other institutions (PITE and PPP/FAPESP, and FINEP) will be strongly encouraged; ii) Nucleation of spin-off companies from the group activities; funds will be sought through programs such as PIPE/FAPESP; and iii) Extensive promotion of innovation and technology transfer; accomplished by our extensive know-how in these matters combined with the assistance of agencies at UFSCar (www.inovacao.ufscar.br) and USP (www.inovacao.usp.br). In collaboration with our partners from industry the technological core of our group will also establish infrastructure for the production of prototypes, on a scale beyond the laboratory, bringing our activities closest to the productive sector, e.g., one melting furnace for larger glass volumes than the conventional lab scale (some kilograms instead of grams); one disc mill that can be continuously operated, for a high output of glass powders; and a lab spray dryer for conditioning powders into granules with suitable properties for a fine ceramic processing. Furthermore, to ensure efficient cooperation between academic and industrial laboratories, it is crucial to increase the exposure of our students and postdoctoral fellows to the R&D environment in the industrial sector, significantly beyond the current practice in national postgraduate programs. To this end, we will establish a new fellowship program with the explicit purpose of enabling students to conduct part oftheir master and doctoral projects in the laboratories of our industrial partners. The costs of these fellowships will be shared between both parties. When it is necessary, we will work for adjusting the current postgraduate rules at UFSCar and USP to facilitate the establishment of this program. An agenda of specially designed workshops will guide the group members and collaborators on how to detect interests and manage some of their research to innovation, to follow the patent literature, to get access to patents and market reports, to estimate production costs and the potential market for a given technology, to avoid publications prior to patent request, and other important issues. The relevant information will be systematized and made available in the CeRTEV homepage in the Internet. 

The discussion list in the Internet denominated Vidros (vidros@listas.ufscar.br), created in 1997 by the Coordinator of Innovation and Technology Transfer E. Ferreira, will be brought to a more modern and attractive virtual environment, using modern tools, e.g., blogs and forums, stimulating the inter-relationship and R&D activities between academy and industry. This list has about 100 active participants in academy and industry, but has potential to grow to a much larger size. Active people in the glass field will invited to join and participate.

Finally, we will create an office to gather and make contact among members of the CeRTEV laboratories, the glass industry and other research institutes to access industrial problems and create demand for R&D in Brazil in the areas of both traditional and new glasses and glass-ceramics.

News of Innovation
‘An iPhone formed from glass’—New slate of Apple smartphones feature glass front and back faces
Florida company eyes closed LaFayette Hills golf course for 'energy glass' factory
3D-printing of glass now possible
Gorilla Glass 5 will soon make your smartphone screen a lot stronger
Novel luminescent nanoparticles embedded into glass pave way for high-tech future
BioMin bioglass toothpaste may better protect sensitive teeth and find its way into US market
Flexible Glass Could Bring Back the Flip Phone
Nanostructured glass eternally stores high volumes of data in 5-D
Ceramic and glass materials prove Einstein was right, help detect gravitational waves in breakthrough discovery
Vitrocerâmica poderá substituir as telas atuais dos smartphones
Rare earth-doped glass boosts lasers, tests experimental theories at National Ignition Facility
Agência de Inovação da UFSCar licencia vidros bioativos desenvolvidos na universidade para empresa de cerâmicas de alta tecnologia
Inspired by tardigrades: Vapor deposition creates molecular order in glass
Agência de Inovação licencia produto cerâmico desenvolvido na universidade
Keep your cool—New glass-based paint could take the heat off outdoor metal structures
3D printing reaches the final materials frontier—Micron3DP innovates in glass
Nanostructuring glass–ceramics controls their electromagnetic properties
Consórcio internacional aprova início da construção do megatelescópio GMT
Novo pote de ketchup promete fim àquele restinho no fundo
Rubbery Glass Arrives
Glass is the key to super-slim Tvs with brilliant images
Corning developing scratch-resistant glass that rivals sapphire
This glass sphere is 35% more efficient than solar panels
Sobre o iPhone e a arte de fabricar vidros inquebráveis (ou quase)
AluSiD - tiles from recycled glass and ceramic waste
Vitrocerâmica para proteção balística
Fit for Extreme Conditions
Vitro to construct Brazilian glass container plant
Video: Structure and function—Surface properties are the secret to smarter materials
Video: Quality control gone wild: Schott blasts and pummels its fire-rated glass ceramics to ensure your safety
Gorilla Glass is getting an upgrade, and so is your smartphone - to genius status
Glass embedded with ceramic frit or UV patterns is for the birds
Biomaterial estimula formação de células ósseas
'Fastenating' - The art of making and testing ceramic screws
Trash to treasure: Glass devitrite crystals as novel optical diffusers
O-I VersaFlow carafe used by Dutch company
Corning unveils Antimicrobial Gorilla Glass
20 Tons of Glass, Fresh from the Oven
O-I opens recycled glass processing centre
Linha DiamondGuard - Vidro 10 vezes mais resistente a riscos
O-I partners with stained glass artist to create bottle
Atoms never forget
Colorado School of Mines materials engineers turn food garbage to glass
Portal reune informações dos CEPIDs
Rethinking optical fiber
ACIESP debateu, em São Carlos, os cenários da inovação
New approach to ‘mining’
Simpósio em São Carlos discute inovação
Cientistas criam o vidro mais fino do mundo com dois átomos
Material that conducts and insulates
BMW i8 con Gorilla Glass, perché è leggero e flessibile
Apelidada de "água em pó", tecnologia que armazena água em grãos de polímero promete acabar com a seca
Brasileiro inventor de ‘luz engarrafada’ tem ideia espalhada pelo mundo
R&D 100 winners announced
Biomaterial estimula formação de células ósseas
Corning’s Willow Glass will be available by the end of 2013 or early 2014
Corning and View Announce Strategic Collaboration
Glass industry needs innovation
Transformando um smartphone em espectrofotômetro
Professor da USP de São Carlos lança curso on-line de escrita científica
Palestra sobre inovação
Vitrocerâmica é desenvolvida para uso doméstico
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