School Report

CeRTEVendeavors a great effort towards glass
education and networking

school photo

TheSãoPaulo Advanced School on Glasses and Glass-ceramics, organized by the Centerfor Research, Technology and Education for Vitreous Materials (CeRTEV)of the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) was held during August 1-9,2015, in São Carlos, SP, Brazil. It counted on generous financial support from theSão Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), the Department of Materials Engineering(DEMa-UFSCar), the Institute of Physics (IFSC)-USP, Brazil, and Owens-Illinois,USA.

TheSchool was widely advertised during 2 months at CeRTEV´s emaillist of glass researchers, at Klaus Bange´s email list, and on key web sitesrelated to glass research: American Ceramic Society, Society of GlassTechnology, International Comission on Glass, Linkedin (glass research and technologygroups), Brazilian Ceramic Society, Brazilian Physical Society, FAPESP, SBPMat(Brazil-MRS), as well as in some journals: Nature, ACerS Ceramic Bulletin, andGlass International.

Theparticipants were selected among hundreds of applicants from around the globe. Theselection criteria included a thorough analysis of their CVs, recommendation letters,and the scientific standing of their current research group. The large number ofapplications and the outstanding quality of many of them made this processquite difficult. In the end, approximately 100 highly qualified students from 19countries were accepted. Among the international participants were 12 from the US, 8 from France, 7 from Germany,6 from India, 3 from Italy, 3 from Colombia, 3 from Russia, 3 from China, 2from Canada, 2 from Argentina, 2 from Turkey, 2 from the Czech Republic, andone each from Spain, Finland, Korea, Japan, UK, Portugal and Tunisia, plus about40 students from Brazil. Twenty extra guest students and professors wereallowed to attend the classes. The organizers covered the travel, meals and accommodationexpenses of most of the selected PhD students and instructors.

The school program covered several key, state-of-the-art, topics on glass andglass-ceramics, ranging from structural characterization to relaxation, thermodynamics, crystallization, andproperties. The program comprised 11 lectures of 2 hours each, and 3 tutorials aboutthe powerful SciGlass database/software – with a free user license for all the attendeesduring the School days.

The first day started with an overview ofthe school objectives and the overall plan (delivered by Prof. Edgar D.Zanotto). The second day started with a "fire" session, where the studentshad a 1 minute to "sell"the highlights of their PhD research work and poster.In the next day, theschool was opened with Professor Hellmut Eckert´s lecture on "Glassstructure by NMR techniques", followed by a lecture by Prof. P.S. Pizzanientitled " Ramanscattering: foundations, technical evolution and applications".In the afternoon, the students were assembled into into groups of five and achallenge was proposed: to develop – under the guidance of an assigned tutor - anoriginal proposal for a post-doctoral research project on a topic related to glassor glass-ceramics, to be presented at the end of the school, as a requirementfor their final "diploma". This day ended with a practical tutorialof SciGlass, coordinated by Dr. Alex Priven. On the fourth day, the schoolstarted with Professor Prabhat Gupta´s lecture on "Structural and stressrelaxation in glasses", followed by Prof. J.P. Rino´s lecture on "Dynamicprocesses in glass by MD simulation". After lunch, Prof. Zanotto presentedthe lecture "Nucleation, growth and crystallization of glasses",which was followed by another SciGlass tutorial session. The fifth day startedwith a lecture on "Optical properties of vitreous materials"delivered by Prof. Ballato followed by Prof. A. S. S. de Camargo´s lecture"Spectroscopic techniques applied to glasses and glass-ceramics". Inthe afternoon the students had a guided visit to several laboratories of thePhysics and Materials Engineering Departments of UFSCar. Lectures on"Mechanical properties of glasses" (Prof. V. Sglavo, Italy) and"Mechanical properties of glass-ceramics" (Prof. F. Serbena, Brazil)were presented on the sixth day of the school. After lunch, the students attended the final tutorial class on SciGlassand presented the main results of their PhD work in a 2-hour poster session. OnFriday, the 7th day, Prof. A. Ghosh delivered his lecture on"Electrical properties of vitreous materials". After this lecture,the students were invited to visit the laboratories of the Physics Institute ofthe University of São Paulo (USP). The afternoon was dedicated to the finaldiscussions about the pos-doctoral projects. The 8th day started with the presentations of Prof. Peitl,Marina Trevelin, Clever Chinaglia (all from CeRTEV (Brazil) and Murilo Crovaceon "Bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics". After this presentation,Prof. Osvaldo N. Oliveira Junior gave an overview of FAPESP`s fundingopportunities for young researchers’ projects. Profs. Zanotto´s and Eckert´stalks on research opportunities at CeRTEV finished the morning talks. The remainder of the day wasdedicated to working on the students´ research proposals, which were thendefended during the final day of the conference. All the 18 presentations wereof very high quality and very interesting research ideas were proposed. Many professorsand attendees commented that they will likely build on some of these ideas in theirown future research! The school ended with Prof. Zanotto´s and Eckert´s farewellspeeches and acknowledgements. Thelectures and other information can be downloaded from

Thevast majority of received feedback indicates that the school was a greatsuccess and should be repeated. This was likely one of the largest short coursesfocusing on glass education worldwide. We are confident that the attendees havebenefitted greatly from the information and perspectives presented at thisschool and that they will return home to their on-going research projects withinspiration and new ideas. We hope to remain in touch with these future leadersin academic and industrial glass research, to develop collaborations and jointresearch projects with them and their advisors in the future.

M. R. B. Andreeta, A. C. M. Rodrigues, E. D.Zanotto and H. Eckert

CeRTEV (, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

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